Grade II listed building Town house in North Grange, Clyst Heath, Exeter UK August 14 2021

A Complete Guide to Grade 2 Listed Building Interior Design

July 12, 2023
By Riyad
Grade II listed building Town house in North Grange, Clyst Heath, Exeter UK August 14 2021

When it comes to designing the interiors of Grade 2 listed buildings it presents a unique opportunity to showcase their historic character. However, they also demand a considered approach due to the various legal restrictions and the delicate nature of their historic fabric. This blog post will walk you through all the necessary considerations when undertaking an interior design project in a Grade 2 listed building.

Understanding the Nature of Grade 2 Listed Buildings

Before we delve into the specifics, it's important to understand what a Grade 2 listed building is. In the UK, a listed building refers to a structure that has been placed on the Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. These are classified into three types: Grade I, Grade II* and Grade II.

Grade II listed buildings, which make up 91.7% of all listed buildings, are of special interest and warrant every effort to preserve them. Although these buildings may not be as exceptionally valued as Grade I or Grade II* listed buildings, they still carry considerable historical and architectural significance.

The Legal Implications of Working with Grade 2 Listed Buildings

Listed Building Consent

Any alterations, both external and internal, that may affect the character of a listed building, need consent - the Listed Building Consent (LBC). While this may seem restrictive, it's intended to preserve the architectural and historical integrity of these buildings. Therefore, before you plan to refurbish or modify any part of the building, you must obtain LBC from the local planning authority.

Role of Local Planning Authorities

Local planning authorities play a significant role in conserving listed buildings. They review the plans for proposed works and make decisions based on whether they maintain the historical and architectural integrity of the building. For this reason, maintaining a good working relationship with your local authority can make the approval process smoother.

Key Considerations in Grade 2 Listed Building and Interior Design

Respecting the Historical Integrity

The most important rule when designing the interior of a Grade 2 listed building is to respect its historic fabric. Each room should maintain its original proportions and architectural features such as fireplaces, mouldings, staircases, doors, and windows. These should not only be preserved but also become the focal points of your design scheme.

Balancing Old and New

While it's vital to respect the past, your design should also reflect contemporary living. The key is to strike a balance between old and new. Modern furniture, lighting, and accessories can contrast beautifully with historical architecture, creating a truly unique and engaging space. Remember to choose elements that complement rather than compete with the historical character of the building.

Material and Colour Selection

When it comes to materials and colours, again, it's about maintaining the harmony between past and present. Natural materials like stone, wood, and traditional plaster are ideal for listed buildings as they echo the original fabric of the structure. For colour schemes, consider the building’s age and style. Use historical colour palettes as a starting point, then introduce modern hues to provide a fresh perspective.

Professional Help: The Role of a Grade 2 Listed Interior Designer

Given the sensitive nature and potential complexities of Grade 2 listed building projects, hiring a professional grade 2 listed interior designer experienced in listed buildings is beneficial. They will understand how to work within the constraints of LBC and how to liaise effectively with local authorities.

A good interior designer will also be able to help you envision the end result, combining respect for the building’s history with the functionality of modern living.


Interior designing in a Grade 2 listed building is a unique journey that combines historic preservation with creative innovation. Although the legal obligations and careful preservation work may seem daunting, the end result is a unique space that brings together the best of old and new. And remember, always consult with a professional when in doubt. After all, these projects are not just about creating beautiful spaces, they're about preserving our shared architectural heritage.

If you’re looking for a Grade 2 listed interior designer to help you create the perfect interior design for your historic building, or update or improve the existing design,

call Ward & Co. Interiors on +44 (0)20 3667 7796



+44 (0)20 3667 7796
Ward & Co. Interiors
12 Soho Square,
London W1D 3QF